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Evaluating the decision on choosing fishing ground for artisanal fisheries using spatial and Fuzzy DEMATEL in small islands: Sustainability driven

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Date

2020

Author

Syahibul Kahfi Hamid, Wellem Anselmus Teniwut, Maimuna Renhoran and Roberto Mario Kabi Teniwut

Abstract. The maintenance of a sustainable mechanism to curb the rate of overfishing in similar water zones is one of the major challenges facing artisan fisheries in small island regions. Several factors instigate the decision by local fishermen to potentially choose a location to explore. Obviously, the demand to address these triggers, particularly those with negative impact tendencies, has become paramount. This study, therefore, is aimed at mapping out fishing heat spots based on arrival, background of the fishermen, and available species. Subsequently, an evaluation is conducted to ascertain the criteria influencing the decision on a specific position and also to determine the consequences of their negative impact on marine resource sustainability and coastal community welfare. For these reasons, data from fishermen, sellers and local distributors were collected by using questionnaires, and analyzed to generate useful information on related fishing ground. Furthermore, experts were involved in providing expert assessment for Fuzzy Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory (DEMATEL). The results showed significant insights and therefore offer support to help regulators preserve marine resources, especially by updating their decision making capacity for increased coastal community welfare. The direct implication of this research also serves as a basis for conducting traditional fisheries, estimated not only to meet economic impact, but also promote sustainable environment.

Key Words: DEMATEL, Spatial, Artisanal fisheries, Sustainability

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