Mapping Marine Resources Utilization Based on Seascapes Area: A Study on Gender Comparison

IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, Volume 89, The 2nd International Conference on Applied Marine Science and Fisheries Technology (MSFT) 2017 22–25 August 2017, Langgur City, Southeast Maluku, Indonesia

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Simon Picaulima, Wellem A. Teniwut, Syahibul Kahfi, Roberto M.K Teniwut, Ida I Dewa Ayu Raka Susanti, Marselus Hungan, Meyske Rahantoknam, Cawalinya Hasyim, Siska D. Rahakbauw, M.R. Renjaan, Anna M. Ngabalin, Tati A. Ngangun, Frischila Pentury, K.D Betaubun, A.K Ngamel and E.C Ohoiwutun

Abstract. Each section of coastal area from village area to deep sea has particular fisheries and marine activities. Therefore requirements for knowledge, skill, and risk are distinct between each scape. Based on this notion we divided seascapes based on three different area, first is village area to mangrove and coconut trees before coast area, second is area from beach to shallow water and the third is deep sea. We conducted our data collection in Kei Islands, Indonesia, with purposive sampling to target fishermen and aquaculture farmers in the coastal area. Purposes of this research are to analyze the role and the contribution of male and female on each area to formulate the best way to improve and maintain the sustainability of microenterprises and coastal community welfare; we used logistic regression to analyze the data. The result demonstrated each fisheries activity in each seascape with based on gender on each area and activity. Recommendation of this study especially for the government as empirical guidance to improve the economic welfare of the coastal community in Kei Islands and small islands area in general. 

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